Physical Therapists performing BALANCE RETRAINING has been shown to assist in greatly reducing the risks for falling in all patients suffering from imbalance and dizziness. Not only will your risk for falling be reduced but your functional performance required to ensure your independence will be preserved. Independent living is an enormous concern for most patients with imbalance. Balance Institute of Indiana demonstrates continued success in optimizing this goal with improvements measured in strength, sensory organization, gait speed and fall risk reduction.
Dysequilibrium: These patients often present with a robust and symmetrical peripheral vestibular function as indicated by the VNG and no indication of motion intolerance. In these patients, dysfunction is usually secondary to central and/or descending motor tract defects. e.g., cerebellar atrophy or infarcts, as well as cervico-spinal tract degeneration.
Multi-factorial Imbalance: These patients present with general de-conditioning. Loss of muscle strength and flexibility, poor use of all sensory systems, are frequent fallers or near fallers. They tend to reach to furniture for additional stability or hold on to a family member when walking outside their home. Their fear of falling paralyzes their ability to get out and go. Over medicated, arthritic pain and use of assistive devices are also reasons for disuse of the balance systems. These patients may be at risk for leaving an Independent living situation.
Balance control systems
Sensory organization(eyes, ears, muscles and joints)
Musculoskeletal system( strength and flexibility)
Motor coordination( ability to react and respond)
Perception of orientation
Predicting what could happen
Lack of Coordination